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JLP 44
Happy Ground: JOHNNY LYTLE Trio

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Johnny Lytle (vib) Milt Harris (org) ‘Peppy’ Hinnant (drs)

Recorded in New York City; March 23,1961


  1. Lela (4:15) (Johnny Lytle)

  2. Secret Love (6:51) (Webster-Fain)

  3. When I Fall in Love (4:24) (Heyman-Young)

  4. Tag Along (3:14) (Clak-Ness)


  1. It’s All Right With Me (5:36) (Cole Porter)

  2. Happy Ground (7:13) (Johnny Lytle)

  3. My Funny Valentine (4:12) (Rodgers and Hart)

  4. Take the “A” Train (2:50) (Billy Strayhorn)

   The “Happy Ground” on which young vibist JOHNNY LYTLE and his colleagues stand is made up of just about equal parts f enthusiasm, skill, swing and soul. The combination, as you might expect and as you can certainly hear on this album, results in a deeply earthy and highly exciting kind of jazz.

   Lytle is a hard-hitting, firmly rhythmic musician, but he is also very much a melodic performer and soloist capable of constructing consistently expressive and interest-building choruses. Another way of putting it is to note that Johnny has been strongly praised and encouraged by both Milt Jackson and Lionel Hampton: which has to mean both that this young man really gets around on his instrument and that he covers a very wide musical range. This versatility sowed itself clearly on Johnny’s first Jazzland album, and is again in evidence here, in a repertoire that combines standards with a couple of notably soulful Lytle originals.

   The compellingly funky and blue-filled spirit of his own compositions (the opening track, Lela, which is named for Johnny’s grandmother; and the album’s title tune) actually does set the predominant note of the LP, which also includes the gospel-imbued Tag Along, written by two Louisville friends of the vibist and which also manages to get a “down” feeling and a “church” chord or two into the lightly swinging versions of standards like It’s All Right with Me and Secret Love. The mood gets down into ballad tempo for When I Fall in Love and Funny Valentine, on both of which Milt Harris distinguishes himself from the usual run of organists by helping to enrich the interpretation without getting into those syrupy sustained passages that make too many organists sound (to some of us longer-memoried folk) like the guy who played during intermission at those gilt-and-gingerbread decorated movie palaces that television put out of business. A razzle-dazzle treatment of Billy Strayhorn’s Take the “A” Train, the only really up number of the album, demonstrates in conclusion that the trio can cook at the upper speed limits of their instruments when that’s called for.

   This group is one with which ex-drummer and ex-Golden Gloves champion Lytle has been touring the Eastern and Midwestern club circuit for sometime, winning friends and return engagements just about everywhere. The Club Baby Grand, in Wilmington, Delaware, for example – which is where Orrin Keepnews, artist & repertoire chief for Jazzland (and Riverside) Records, first heard Lytle early in 1960 – is notable as a spot where an audience will not hesitate to let you know if they don’t dig you, and is also a room where Johnny is always a welcome crowd-puller. Drummer “Peppy” Hinnant has been part of the trio since just after Lytle’s first LP was recorded, in June of ’60. Organist Harris has an association with the vibist that is remarkable in this era of quickly shifting lineups. To begin with they have been friends almost as long as both can remember, having grown up together in Springfield, Ohio. In 1957 Milt, who had left music for a while, returned to hook up with Lytle and they have remained inseparable ever since. Much of the close-knit unity of the group can be credited to the by-now almost instinctive mutual understanding and anticipation of these two, as well as to that musical ‘togetherness’ that only much on-the-job experience can provide. The rest of their organized spirit comes from arrangements and routining provided by Harris.

   Johnny Lytle is one of those who have been involved with music almost literally all their lives, his start as a drummer coming in a family orchestra assembled by his father, a trumpet player. (A sister, Ada Lee, has begun to attract attention as a singer.) Twice a Golden Gloves champion and loser of only three of fifty nine amateur bouts, he did briefly consider a boxing career. But three pro fights (tow of them wins) changed his mind, as noted in a quote mentioned on the liner of his first LP but well worth repeating: “I ca beat the vibes all week long and they won’t beat back.”

   The swinging Mt. Lytle’ decision to limit his swinging to jazz was undoubtedly a wise move for him. And it’s getting to sound like a most enjoyable decision for the rest of us, too.


Johnny Lylte’s previous album is:

  Blue Vibes – JLP 22 & Stereo 922S

Other outstanding JAZZLAND lPs include:

  Glidin’ Along – Benny Green, with Johnny Griffin, Junior Mance – JLP 43 & Stereo 943S

  All Members – Don Sleet, with Jimmy Heath, Wynton Kelly – JLP 45 & Stereo 945S

  Junior Mance Trio at the Village Vanguard – JLP 41 & Stereo 941S

  Griff & Lock – ‘Lockjaw’ Davis – Johnny Griffin Quintet – JLP 42 & Stereo 942S

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Recording Engineer: RAY FOWLER

Recorded at Plaza Sound Studios

Cover design: KEN DEARDOFF

JAZZLAND RECORDS are produced by BILL GRAUER PRODUCTIONS, Inc. producers of Riverside Records

235 West 46th Street, New York 36, New York

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