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KNOW WHAT I MEAN? Cannonball Adderley with Bill Evans

Julian “Cannonball” Adderley (as) Bill Evans (p) Percy Heath (b) Connie Kay (drs) ]

Bell Sound Studios, NYC; January 27, 1961

Side 1

 1. Waltz for Debby (5:07) (Bill Evans)

 2. Goodbye (6:12) (Gordon Jenkins)

 3. Who Cares? (2:51) (George & Ira Gershwin)

 4. Venice (2:51) (John Lewis)

Side 2

 1. Toy (5:05) (Clifford Jordan)

 2. Elsa (5:51 (Earl Zindars)

 3. Nancy (with the Laughing Face) (4:04) (Van Heusen – Silvers)

 4. Know What I Mean? (4:51) (Bill Evans)

   Depending on be nature of the person involved, success either dictates more and more compulsive activity, or else it permits relaxation. With Cannonball Adderley, the latter certainly appears to be the case; and this album can, among other things, as a testimonial to the truth of this impression.

   Adderley is undeniably a successful, widely-acclaimed artist, and it may seem to some that his success came quickly. But it is more in the nature of what one night-club comic once referred to bitterly as “my overnight success after fifteen years.” To recap briefly, Cannonball came up to New York in the mid-‘50s with a thorough background as a player and teacher in Florida, and soon found himself lauded, recorded, and a working bandleader. Being an altoist, he also found himself burdened with the tag “the new bird” (jazz writers being second only to sportswriters in attaching to players designations that might not do them any good). Subsequently (and, he now feels inevitably) is band foundered; thereafter he joined Miles Davis, and people really began to sit up and take notice. He left Miles to re-form his own group, which of course did establish Adderley as a full-fledged success. And that brings us to the present. For, once established, Cannon has remained that way, and has continued to pick up poll awards and capacity crowds almost as regularly as Willie Mays picks off long fly balls.

   In a peculiar way, the present album is a result of that success. For it is something that Adderley might well not have dared attempt in the past, and that he might not have been able to convince a record company to do. It happens that I find this his most satisfying LP. But that is purely subjective escalation and might not even be acceptable as proof that musicians should be allowed to make the kind of records they really want to.

   The nature of this album should be immediately apparent from Adderley’s choice of associate. Cannonball feels, and many agree, that pianist Bill Evans is unexcelled when moody delicacy is called for; Miles Davis, who once had both men in his band , agreed to such an extent that his repertoire changed appreciably during Evans’ tenure. And the presence of Evans need not limit moods or tempos, for as Cannonball is well aware, the pianist tends to display more pulsing strength behind a horn than with his own trio.

Cannonball’s own group evidences the importance he places on rhythm, and he has been equally astute in his in his choices for this date. Of course, these two men have been long played together constantly, but that is far from the only reason, or even the main one, for the inclusion of bassist Percy Heath and drummer Connie Kay. With the modern Jazz Quartet, they are regularly called upon to play the most subtle and difficult music. As one consequence of this, they can provide the most powerful rhythm pulses at an often infinitesimal level of volume. Add to all this the element of spontaneity that inevitably comes with their playing unfamiliar music in the fresh setting, and you have an almost perfect situation.

   The union exposes unexpected facets of all four men, but primarily it reveals a different and possibly unfamiliar side of Julian Adderley. It would be unkind to affix a new label to him after he has finally rid himself of that old Parker-linked one, but it is difficult to resist calling him “the New Benny Carter”: there is a basically Carter-esque approach to ballads, but one that is fully cognizant of all that has taken place since Carter first made his great reputation. It sings, it is light, it is airy …. and it is still very much Cannonball.

   Then, of course, there is the material. Two pieces, chosen by Evans. Here selections he is especially familiar with and fond of playing. One is his own Waltz for Debby, which first appeared some years ago in a brief solo version on Bill’s initial Riverside album. “New Jazz conceptions “and most recently re-appeared as the title tune of an LP recorded by his trio at the Village Vanguard. Here it undergoes further alteration with the addition of Cannonball’s summery horn. The other piece, Elsa, by Evans’s friend Earl Zindars, is surely one of the most pensively lovely of all jazz waltzes. Evans shows how his feeling about the number has now changed.

   Clifford Jordan’s Toy is a by-product of Adderley’s sometime capacity as an A&R man, having appeared on an album by Jordan that he produced for Riverside. Cannon plays it with one astonishing nod in the direction of Ornette Coleman, as well as a brief reference to John Lewis’ Golden Striker. The latter was part of the score for the film “No Sun in Venice,” which also included Venice, a number that it atypical of Lewis in that it is very close to thee popular song form. Adderley plays it here with an unusual and affecting solo voce dancing quality.

   Possibly the poignant sadness of Gordon Jenkins’ Goodbye (originally Benny Goodman’s sign-off theme) has led most jazzmen to shy away from t, but that same quality serves quite well in an album such as this one, where emotion is clearly not something to be feared. Jazz versions of Nancy (for a long time almost the exclusive property of Frank Sinatra) are similarly rare, but its pensiveness is perfectly suited to the talents of Adderley and Evans, as they eloquently demonstrate.

Who Cares? Is the most overt rocker of the set, and on Evans’ solo evokes a startling reminiscence of the light, dancing quality that was one of the chief delights of the Miles Davis band in its Garland-Chambers-Philly Joe period. Know What I Mean? Was created in the recording studio by Evans., at Adderley’s special request. Its modal style suggests the days when he and Bill were with Miles, and its title derives from a phrase Cannon is fond of using. The question is one for which you should have an affirmative answer long before reaching its closing spot on the LP.

   Not all of these selections are ballads, by any means, but the whole album is filled with the aura of relaxation we began by mentioning. Ordinarily, this would get to be referred to rather tritely as an “after-hours” mood, but in four highly skilled artists away from their usual tasks and delighting in one another’s musical company. Nothing more really need be said about the results of their meeting than that the feeling of delight comes through.  


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Produced by Orrin Keepnews.

Recording Engineer: Bill Stoddard (Bell Sound Studios; New York City).

Album Design: Ken Deardoff. Back-liner photos by Steve Schapiro.

This recording is available in both Stereophonic (RLP-9433) and Monaural (RLP-433) form.


235 West 46th Street New York City 36, New York

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